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Plastic Surgery for Breast Reduction

Why is the Plastic Surgery for Breast Reduction performed?

Plastic Surgery for Breast Reduction. Breasts larger than normal (macromasty, gigantomasty) cause some psychological disorders as well as hollowness due to the scars of the bra straps on the shoulders and backaches based on the weight of the large breasts and pruritus, intertrigo and malodor due to the continuous sweating under the breast with mastoptosis. For that reason, in addition to being a plastic surgery, plastic surgery for breast reduction (reduction mammoplasty) performed to make the breasts larger than normal and with mastoptosis smaller provides the patient with a physical allayment, and the breathing of the person becomes regular, and it improves the person’s ability to move, and her shoulder aches and backaches disappear. Taking that into consideration, plastic surgery for breast reduction is a functional surgery, as well.

When does breast reduction be performed?

The breasts complete their growth between the ages of 18 and 21, for that reason, the surgery may be performed generally around the age of 20 in medical aspects. In case of excessive largeness of the breasts in very early ages which is called virginal hypertrophy, if the excessive largeness of the breasts hinders the physical activities and the daily life of the person significantly, plastic surgery for breast reduction may have to be performed under the age of 20. If it is performed under the age of 20, the person should be explained that her breasts will continue to grow to a certain extent after the surgery, as well.

 Göğüs küçültme ( Meme küçültme) ameliyatı süt vermeye engel olurmu?

Meme dokusu yağlardan ve süt bezlerinden oluşmaktadır. Süt bezleri daha çok orta bölümde bulunmakla berbaber genellike yağ dokusu ve süt bezleri memenin içinde birbirine karışmış ve yaygın şekilde bulunurlar. Küçültme ameliyatı yapılırken de hem yağ dokusu hem de süt bezleri ve süt kanalları beraberce alınmaktadır. Orta bölgeyi daha çok koruyarak yapılan meme küçültmelerde süt salgısı daha fazla korunmakla birlikte, süt salgısının teorik olarak ortalama %50 oranında azaldığı kabul edilmektedir.

Does breast reduction hinder breast-feeding?

Breast tissue comprises of fats and mother milk glands. Mother milk glands are mostly in the middle part, however, generally, fatty tissue and mother milk glands are mostly mixed with each other and  throughout the breast. During the performance of the plastic surgery for breast reduction, both fatty tissues and the mother milk glands and the mammary ducts are removed altogether. Lactation is retained more in the plastic surgery for breast reductions performed while protecting the middle zone more, however, it is accepted theoretically that lactation reduces by 50 % on the average.

What is the purpose of breast reduction surgery?

The purpose of the plastic surgery for breast reduction (reduction mammoplasty) is to bring the breasts larger than normal and with mastoptosis to normal sizes and to make them steep. Meanwhile, the colored part called areola around the nipples is also reduced and brought to the sizes complying with the breast to be formed newly.

Does any scars remain after the  surgery for breast reduction?

On the breast formed newly after the plastic surgery for breast reduction (reduction mammoplasty), permanent traces remain in various forms depending on the different techniques applied. These traces may be red and apparent at the beginning, however, their color fades in time, and they become less apparent.

Does the  surgery for breast reduction effect pregnancy?

Breast reduction is generally performed for females who do not intend to have a baby anymore. However, generally, the breasts grow excessively in the maidenhood. Sometimes, the complaints caused by the large breasts are so many that it may not be possible to wait for the post-pregnancy period for the surgery. In such cases, if you had a plastic surgery for breast reduction before the pregnancy, that surgery does not cause any problem in the period of pregnancy. The issue which should be known is that the surgery will cause the reduction of your lactation after the delivery of the baby.

What kind of technic is performed for  breast reduction ?

The technique to be selected for the plastic surgery for breast reduction (reduction mammoplasty) varies depending on the level of largeness of the breasts, their form, and their level of mastoptosis and the experience of the surgeon. During the surgery, the volume of the breasts is reduced while protecting the blood circulation of the nipples by removing mother milk glands and fatty tissues from the sides and the lower sections or from the sides and the upper sections of the breasts based on the technique chosen. Nipples are carried to the lower breast line level where they should normally stay. Scars will develop around the nipple and going from the nipple downwards vertically and sometimes in addition to these, scars running along the lower breast line horizontally will occur at the end of the surgery based on the technique chosen.

Recently, for the purpose of leaving fewer traces, ‘vertical mammoplasty’technique allowing the performance of the plastic surgery for breast reduction without making a cut along the lower breast line became popular. In vertical mammoplasty, a vertical scar develops around the nipple going down the nipple rather than a scar in a reverse T form. However, this technique cannot be applied to excessively large breasts. We generally prefer the vertical mammoplasty technique for the breasts which are not excessively large and the skin elasticity of which is good.

Is the  surgery for breast reduction a difficult operation?

The plastic surgery for breast reduction is performed under general anesthesia and it approximately takes 2-3 hours depending on the technique to be chosen and the size of the breasts. In spite of the fact that its duration seems long, it is a surgery, the post surgery period of which is generally easy. Severe pains do not occur. For the first 3-4 days, light pains may occur, however, you are relieved with analgesics. You generally reach a position to perform your daily activities after the 4th day, however, regular medical dressings will continue in this period.

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